Faced with the destruction of biodiversity, researchers, NGOs, companies and public stakeholders are developing a growing number of innovative biodiversity information and quantification tools (ecosystem service modelling, alert tools, participatory mapping tools, alert tools based on artificial intelligence, footprinting tools, economic evaluations and tools, etc.).
Although these tools are becoming increasingly effective from a technical point of view, their designers and users nevertheless encounter numerous difficulties when it comes to producing concrete and sustainable changes in the collective management of the ecosystems at stake at the landscape scale (as we ourselves have experienced with integrated ecosystem service assessment tools in Bordeaux: see for example here, here and here). These limitations point to the importance of studying in more depth the social, organisational and institutional dimensions of the design and use of such tools (see for example the work of L. Mermet on economic tools for biodiversity in this book).
My research on this topic has consisted in developing social sciences methods for the analysis of the relationships between the design of these tools and their real-world uses in strategies for change, organisation of action, allocation and control of responsibilities, and collective governance of the ecosystems.
This line of work has resulted in particular in: (1) the development and field testing of a “context diagnostic method” for conservation; (2) the critical analysis of innovative information tools on ecosystems and the study of their governance and strategic dimensions.